War Against All Puerto Ricans

War Against All Puerto Ricans Author Nelson A Denis
ISBN-10 9781568585024
Year 2015-04-07
Pages 400
Language en
Publisher Hachette UK
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In 1950, after over fifty years of military occupation and colonial rule, the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico staged an unsuccessful armed insurrection against the United States. Violence swept through the island: assassins were sent to kill President Harry Truman, gunfights roared in eight towns, police stations and post offices were burned down. In order to suppress this uprising, the US Army deployed thousands of troops and bombarded two towns, marking the first time in history that the US government bombed its own citizens. Nelson A. Denis tells this powerful story through the controversial life of Pedro Albizu Campos, who served as the president of the Nationalist Party. A lawyer, chemical engineer, and the first Puerto Rican to graduate from Harvard Law School, Albizu Campos was imprisoned for twenty-five years and died under mysterious circumstances. By tracing his life and death, Denis shows how the journey of Albizu Campos is part of a larger story of Puerto Rico and US colonialism. Through oral histories, personal interviews, eyewitness accounts, congressional testimony, and recently declassified FBI files, War Against All Puerto Ricans tells the story of a forgotten revolution and its context in Puerto Rico's history, from the US invasion in 1898 to the modern-day struggle for self-determination. Denis provides an unflinching account of the gunfights, prison riots, political intrigue, FBI and CIA covert activity, and mass hysteria that accompanied this tumultuous period in Puerto Rican history.

War Against All Puerto Ricans

War Against All Puerto Ricans Author Nelson A Denis
ISBN-10 9781568585024
Year 2015-04-07
Pages 400
Language en
Publisher Nation Books
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In 1950, after over fifty years of military occupation and colonial rule, the Nationalist Party of Puerto Rico staged an unsuccessful armed insurrection against the United States. Violence swept through the island: assassins were sent to kill President Harry Truman, gunfights roared in eight towns, police stations and post offices were burned down. In order to suppress this uprising, the US Army deployed thousands of troops and bombarded two towns, marking the first time in history that the US government bombed its own citizens. Nelson A. Denis tells this powerful story through the controversial life of Pedro Albizu Campos, who served as the president of the Nationalist Party. A lawyer, chemical engineer, and the first Puerto Rican to graduate from Harvard Law School, Albizu Campos was imprisoned for twenty-five years and died under mysterious circumstances. By tracing his life and death, Denis shows how the journey of Albizu Campos is part of a larger story of Puerto Rico and US colonialism. Through oral histories, personal interviews, eyewitness accounts, congressional testimony, and recently declassified FBI files, War Against All Puerto Ricans tells the story of a forgotten revolution and its context in Puerto Rico's history, from the US invasion in 1898 to the modern-day struggle for self-determination. Denis provides an unflinching account of the gunfights, prison riots, political intrigue, FBI and CIA covert activity, and mass hysteria that accompanied this tumultuous period in Puerto Rican history.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico Author José Trías Monge
ISBN-10 0300076185
Year 1999-02-01
Pages 228
Language en
Publisher Yale University Press
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Jose Trias Monge, a Puerto Rican legal scholar and former government official, discusses the island's century-old relationship with the USA. He argues that the process of decolonization should begin immediately.

Oscar L pez Rivera

Oscar L  pez Rivera Author Osacar López Rivera
ISBN-10 9781604868333
Year 2013-02-01
Pages 144
Language en
Publisher PM Press
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The life story of Puerto Rican freedom fighter and leader Oscar López Rivera, outlined in this book, is one of courage, valor, and sacrifice. In 1981, Oscar was convicted of seditious conspiracy and other crimes for which he is still imprisoned, making him the longest-held political prisoner in the world. This is the story of his fight for the political independence of Puerto Rico based on letters between him and the renowned lawyer, sociologist, educator, and activist Luis Nieves Falcón. Also included is Oscar’s art, including photography and paintings created in his many years behind bars. Readers will explore his early life as a Latino child growing up in the small towns of Puerto Rico, following him as an adolescent as he and his family move to the big cities of the United States. After serving in Vietnam and earning a Bronze Star, Oscar returned home and worked to improve the quality of life for his people by becoming a community activist, which led to his underground life as a Puerto Rican Nationalist and his subsequent arrest. With a vivid assessment of the ongoing colonial relationship between the United States and Puerto Rico, the book helps to illustrate the sad tale of largely unreported human rights abuses for political prisoners in the United States, but it is also a story of hope and his ongoing struggle for freedom for his people and himself—a hope that there is beauty and strength in resistance.

Boricuas Influential Puerto Rican Writings An Anthology

Boricuas  Influential Puerto Rican Writings   An Anthology Author Roberto Santiago
ISBN-10 9780307554833
Year 2009-08-05
Pages 400
Language en
Publisher One World
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MANY CULTURES * ONE WORLD "Boricua is what Puerto Ricans call one another as a term of endearment, respect, and cultural affirmation; it is a timeless declaration that transcends gender and color. Boricua is a powerful word that tells the origin and history of the Puerto Rican people." --From the Introduction From the sun-drenched beaches of a beautiful, flamboyan-covered island to the cool, hard pavement of the fierce South Bronx, the remarkable journey of the Puerto Rican people is a rich story full of daring defiance, courageous strength, fierce passions, and dangerous politics--and it is a story that continues to be told today. Long ignored by Anglo literature studies, here are more than fifty selections of poetry, fiction, plays, essays, monologues, screenplays, and speeches from some of the most vibrant and original voices in Puerto Rican literature. * Jack Agüeros * Miguel Algarín * Julia de Burgos * Pedro Albizu Campos * Lucky CienFuegos * Judith Ortiz Cofer * Jesus Colon * Victor Hern ndez Cruz * José de Diego * Martin Espada * Sandra Maria Esteves * Ronald Fernandez * José Luis Gonzalez * Migene Gonzalez-Wippler * Maria Graniela de Pruetzel * Pablo Guzman * Felipe Luciano * René Marqués * Luis Muñoz Marín * Nicholasa Mohr * Aurora Levins Morales * Martita Morales * Rosario Morales * Willie Perdomo * Pedro Pietri * Miguel Piñero * Reinaldo Povod * Freddie Prinze * Geraldo Rivera * Abraham Rodriguez, Jr. * Clara E. Rodriguez * Esmeralda Santiago * Roberto Santiago * Pedro Juan Soto * Piri Thomas * Edwin Torres * José Torres * Joseph B. Vasquez * Ana Lydia Vega From the Trade Paperback edition.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico Author Jorge Duany
ISBN-10 9780190648725
Year 2017-02-01
Pages 256
Language en
Publisher Oxford University Press
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Acquired by the United States from Spain in 1898, Puerto Rico has a peculiar status among Latin American and Caribbean countries. As a Commonwealth, the island enjoys limited autonomy over local matters, but the U.S. has dominated it militarily, politically, and economically for much of its recent history. Though they are U.S. citizens, Puerto Ricans do not have their own voting representatives in Congress and cannot vote in presidential elections (although they are able to participate in the primaries). The island's status is a topic of perennial debate, both within and beyond its shores. In recent months its colossal public debt has sparked an economic crisis that has catapulted it onto the national stage and intensified the exodus to the U.S., bringing to the fore many of the unresolved remnants of its colonial history. Puerto Rico: What Everyone Needs to Know® provides a succinct, authoritative introduction to the Island's rich history, culture, politics, and economy. The book begins with a historical overview of Puerto Rico during the Spanish colonial period (1493-1898). It then focuses on the first five decades of the U.S. colonial regime, particularly its efforts to control local, political, and economic institutions as well as to "Americanize" the Island's culture and language. Jorge Duany delves into the demographic, economic, political, and cultural features of contemporary Puerto Rico-the inner workings of the Commonwealth government and the island's relationship to the United States. Lastly, the book explores the massive population displacement that has characterized Puerto Rico since the mid-20th century. Despite their ongoing colonial dilemma, Jorge Duany argues that Puerto Ricans display a strong national identity as a Spanish-speaking, Afro-Hispanic-Caribbean nation. While a popular tourist destination, few beyond its shores are familiar with its complex history and diverse culture. Duany takes on the task of educating readers on the most important facets of the unique, troubled, but much beloved isla del encanto.

Sugar Slavery and Freedom in Nineteenth Century Puerto Rico

Sugar  Slavery  and Freedom in Nineteenth Century Puerto Rico Author Luis A. Figueroa
ISBN-10 0807876836
Year 2006-05-18
Pages 304
Language en
Publisher Univ of North Carolina Press
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The contributions of the black population to the history and economic development of Puerto Rico have long been distorted and underplayed, Luis A. Figueroa contends. Focusing on the southeastern coastal region of Guayama, one of Puerto Rico's three leading centers of sugarcane agriculture, Figueroa examines the transition from slavery and slave labor to freedom and free labor after the 1873 abolition of slavery in colonial Puerto Rico. He corrects misconceptions about how ex-slaves went about building their lives and livelihoods after emancipation and debunks standing myths about race relations in Puerto Rico. Historians have assumed that after emancipation in Puerto Rico, as in other parts of the Caribbean and the U.S. South, former slaves acquired some land of their own and became subsistence farmers. Figueroa finds that in Puerto Rico, however, this was not an option because both capital and land available for sale to the Afro-Puerto Rican population were scarce. Paying particular attention to class, gender, and race, his account of how these libertos joined the labor market profoundly revises our understanding of the emancipation process and the evolution of the working class in Puerto Rico.

Decolonization Models for America s Last Colony

Decolonization Models for America s Last Colony Author Ángel Collado Schwarz
ISBN-10 9780815609636
Year 2012
Pages 268
Language en
Publisher Syracuse University Press
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By looking at six countries similar in size to Puerto Rico--Ireland, Singapore, Israel, New Zealand, Estonia and Slovenia--that have gained independence, the author gleans lessons that should be learned if Puerto Rico is going to ever achieve its independence from the United States. Original.

Dream Nation

Dream Nation Author María Acosta Cruz
ISBN-10 9780813571294
Year 2014-03-19
Pages 222
Language en
Publisher Rutgers University Press
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Over the past fifty years, Puerto Rican voters have roundly rejected any calls for national independence. Yet the rhetoric and iconography of independence have been defining features of Puerto Rican literature and culture. In the provocative new book Dream Nation, María Acosta Cruz investigates the roots and effects of this profound disconnect between cultural fantasy and political reality. Bringing together texts from Puerto Rican literature, history, and popular culture, Dream Nation shows how imaginings of national independence have served many competing purposes. They have given authority to the island’s literary and artistic establishment but have also been a badge of countercultural cool. These ideas have been fueled both by nostalgia for an imagined past and by yearning for a better future. They have fostered local communities on the island, and still helped define Puerto Rican identity within U.S. Latino culture. In clear, accessible prose, Acosta Cruz takes us on a journey from the 1898 annexation of Puerto Rico to the elections of 2012, stopping at many cultural touchstones along the way, from the canonical literature of the Generación del 30 to the rap music of Tego Calderón. Dream Nation thus serves both as a testament to how stories, symbols, and heroes of independence have inspired the Puerto Rican imagination and as an urgent warning about how this culture has become detached from the everyday concerns of the island’s people. A volume in the American Literature Initiatives series

Caciques and Cemi Idols

Caciques and Cemi Idols Author Jose R Oliver
ISBN-10 9780817355159
Year 2009-05-10
Pages 306
Language en
Publisher University of Alabama Press
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"Caciques and Cemi Idols"""takes a close look at the relationship between humans and other (non-human) beings that are imbued with cemi power, specifically within the Taino inter-island cultural sphere encompassing Puerto Rico and Hispaniola."

Puerto Rico s Revolt for Independence

Puerto Rico s Revolt for Independence Author Olga Jiménez de Wagenheim
ISBN-10 1558760717
Year 1985
Pages 127
Language en
Publisher Markus Wiener Publishers
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This is the only available book that interprets Puerto Rico's first and most significant attempt to end its colonial dependence on Spain. Looking at the imperial policies and conditions within Puerto Rico which led to the 1868 rebellion known as El Grito de Lares. It compares the colonization of Puerto Rico with that of Spanish America, and explores why the island's independence movement began decades after Spain's other colonies in the region had revolted.

Global Residence and Citizenship Handbook

Global Residence and Citizenship Handbook Author Christian H Kalin
ISBN-10 099278185X
Year 2016-01-27
Pages 566
Language en
Publisher
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This book is the quintessential guide for global citizens and their advisers, such as law firms, tax consultants, private banks and family offices. At the same time the handbook is also invaluable for business owners, entrepreneurs and investors who are interested in expanding their horizons. "The definitive compendium of viable residence and citizenship options worldwide for anyone who is really serious about this topic." Professor Dr. Dimitry Kochenov University of Groningen, Netherlands and Princeton University, USA "This book could be given to a client as an encompassing introduction to the subject, and, indeed, it is an excellent port of call for a practitioner not dealing with these topics on a daily basis." STEP Journal ..".the encyclopaedia of residence and citizenship-by-investment programs. It is a most valuable comprehensive reference addressing all questions that may come up when planning residence or citizenship in another country, including the legal, the financial, the personal and the practical." Ghada Alaltrash Gulf News, Dubai

Nationalist Heroines

Nationalist Heroines Author Olga Jiménez de Wagenheim
ISBN-10 1558766197
Year 2016-05-02
Pages 390
Language en
Publisher Markus Wiener Publishers
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"A group of Nationalists led by Pedro Albizu Campos made it clear that they would free Puerto Rico from colonial rule. A confrontation between the Nationalists and the colonial police in October 1935 left four Nationalists dead. Albizu Campos and seven of his aides were convicted on seditious charges and sent to a federal prison in Atlanta, Georgia. His followers attempted to hold a demonstration in Ponce, Albizu Campos' hometown, and were gunned down by the police: nineteen were killed and more than one hundred and fifty were wounded. Eight Nationalists then attempted to kill Governor, Blanton Winship. Back in Puerto Rico in 1947, Albizu Campos began to plan for a revolution, which he launched on October 30, 1950. A commando unit of five attacked the Governor's residence while others assaulted police stations in half a dozen cities and towns throughout the island. One woman (Doris Torresola) was shot while protecting her leader. The same day Blanca Canales was one of three to lead the revolt in Jayuya. Two days later, two Nationalists, residents of New York, attempted to kill, President Truman at Blair House, his temporary residence. Massive arrests followed and forty-one women were detained on suspicion they had conspired with the rebels. Two of the fifteen women indicted were sentenced to life in prison. Then, on March 1, 1954, another woman (Dolores Lebraon) led three male companions in the attack of the U.S. House of Representatives where five congressmen were shot for keeping Puerto Rico in bondage. Historians have largely overlooked the roles of these Nationalist women. Now the book, Nationalist Heroines: Puerto Rican Women History Forgot, 1930s-1950s seeks to rescue the stories of the women who gave up their freedom in search of freeing their homeland"--Provided by publisher.

Free Puerto Rico

Free Puerto Rico Author Pedro Albizu Campos
ISBN-10 1481118285
Year 2012-11-28
Pages 24
Language en
Publisher Createspace Independent Pub
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Born in Ponce, Puerto Rico, on the island's southern coast, Don Pedro was the most uncompromising fighter for Puerto Rican independence of the 20th Century, spending two decades behind bars for his activities. Albizu Campos was arrested on several occasions for advocating and organizing violent uprisings against the occupying power. During his final incarceration, which lasted from 1954-1964, Don Pedro's health deteriorated badly, which he claimed was a result of his being the guinea pig in unauthorized experiments on the use of radiation. These accusations have since been found to have basis in fact.

A History of Violence

A History of Violence Author Oscar Martinez
ISBN-10 1784781711
Year 2017-03-07
Pages 192
Language en
Publisher
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This is a book about one of the deadliest places in the world El Salvador and Honduras have had the highest homicide rates in the world over the past ten years, with Guatemala close behind. Every day more than 1,000 people men, women, and children flee these three countries for North America. Oscar Martinez, author of "The Beast," named one of the best books of the year by the "Economist," "Mother Jones," and the "Financial Times," fleshes out these stark figures with true stories, producing a jarringly beautiful and immersive account of life in deadly locations. Martinez travels to Nicaraguan fishing towns, southern Mexican brothels where Central American women are trafficked, isolated Guatemalan jungle villages, and crime-ridden Salvadoran slums. With his precise and empathetic reporting, he explores the underbelly of these troubled places. He goes undercover to drink with narcos, accompanies police patrols, rides in trafficking boats and hides out with a gang informer. The result is an unforgettable portrait of a region of fear and a subtle analysis of the North American roots and reach of the crisis, helping to explain why this history of violence should matter to all of us."